USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) representatives were on hand at NAFB Trade Talk last month to discuss the 2013 crop and the 2012 census.
The 2013 harvest is considered completed at this point and Lance Honig with NASS says with a record corn crop and near record soybean crop forecast it’s turned out to be a pretty good year, despite the weather challenges.
“We started one way, we kind of went another way. It’s just the weather shifting throughout the season, but apparently we had enough moisture at the right times to produce a good crop this year”
The November crop production forecast was the final one of the season so Honig says NASS is beginning the process this week of surveying some 80,000 farmers for the final end-of-season numbers coming out January 10.
Listen to my complete interview with Lance here: USDA NASS, Lance Honig
Meanwhile, NASS is also gearing up to release the first numbers from the 2012 Census of Agriculture soon. However, that release is running a little behind schedule due to the two week government shutdown in October. According to Donald Buysse with NASS, the preliminary results are scheduled for release on February 20, 2014 at the Ag Outlook Forum, with the bulk of the data to come later.
Listen to my complete interview with Donald here: USDA NASS, Donald Buysse
2013 NAFB Convention Photo Album
The Great American Wheat Harvest will debut in 2014, according to the director of the documentary who was at the National Association of Farm Broadcasting annual meeting talking about the project.
Conrad Weaver tells us the documentary will be seen first in March 2014. “We are premiering the film nationally on National Ag Day in Washington DC on March 25,” he said. Conrad logged more than 70,000 air- and 30,000 driving-miles this year alone, capturing the harvest from Texas to North Dakota to the Northwest and across the U.S. border into Canada. Listen to Leah Guffey’s interview with Conrad here: Interview with Conrad Weaver, Great American Wheat Harvest
In the spirit of Thanksgiving, the makers of the film wanted to let everyone know how grateful for all the help they have received in making this great American documentary.
2013 NAFB Convention Photo Album
Welcome to the very first installment of the Hick Chick Chat, with me, Leah Guffey, @the_hickchick. We plan for this to be a regular feature here on Precision Pays to chat about precision technology and equipment on the farm.
During 2013 NAFB Annual Convention, I chatted with Justin Miller from MachineryLink. They do something a little different, they rent combines to growers to harvest the crop they have produced throughout the year. Justin tells me how this works for them and how the concept came about, which is really to be more cost effective and help the bottom line of the producer.
MachineryLink comes from the concept of sharing equipment to “reduce costs, free up capital and more effectively manage risk.” Justin says MachineryLink continues to grow in popularity each year and even has growers calling as soon as they are done harvesting to secure their machine for the coming year.
Justin tells me they are there to provide a service, the same one they have since the late 1990s. Worried about getting equipment to your field for harvest? Never fear, Justin says they deliver, service and pick up the combines from each farm when they farmer needs it. 24/7 service is also part of the package deal as they meticulously inspect the combines before and after each drop off.
Find out more here: Hick Chick Chat with Machinery Link
2013 NAFB Convention Photo Album
FMC has a lot to offer cotton producers and mid-South consultant Bentley Curry was at the National Association of Farm Broadcasting (NAFB) this week in Kansas City to talk about it.
“The cotton market this year used a new product called Display. It’s a harvest aid material. What we do is after the cotton is mature we put it on and take the leaves off the cotton. It normally takes two applications of product to do that. We use Display along with a boll opener with the first application and after that we come back with another FMC product called Aim to finish. We call it to take in the skirt off the cotton and then in about 10 days the harvesting equipment can come into the field and begin picking the cotton.”
Bentley has been an agricultural consultant for 40 years and still lives on the farm he was born on. He started in the private sector and has done contract work with FMC for about the last 20 years. He also welcomes around 50,000 guests to his farm each year where he focuses on agritourism. Guests can take part in holiday activities such as picking pumpkins and finding their own Christmas tree.
Bentley remembers the time when they were only concerned about controlling crab grass. But it didn’t take long for the cotton fields in the South to start to see the appearance of weeds. He shared that the entire South was consumed with cotton fields, soybeans were simply used for hay and corn was used to feed the animals on the farm.
“We’ve gone from big cotton to very little cotton in the mid-South and a multi-crop culture. We’ve gone to banding herbicides to broadcast herbicides. We’ve gone from cotton gins baling six bales an hour to cotton gins that will bale 75-100 per hour. And we’ve gone from cotton being picked by human beings to six row pickers. There have been great changes in agriculture in our area since I was a kid.”
To Bentley the 80′s brought about the most change for the mid-South region. Farmers started using precision technology to level land for drainage and irrigation purposes. Today weather doesn’t affect area as much as it did in the past. During that era the usage of herbicides and then pesticides were more widely seen and then at the tail end of the 80′s farmers began to see GMO’s come on to the scene.
Listen to Bentley’s complete interview here: Interview with Bentley Curry
Checkout photos from NAFB Convention: 2013 NAFB Convention Photo Album
Harvest is off to a slow start in Central Illinois. It’s the final week of September and around my neck of the woods only a few fields have been shelled. It’s getting cool and dry here but so far USDA reports that harvest is only 13% complete compared to almost 70& this time a year ago.
With harvest running a little later than normal this year, precision technology can make the job faster and smoother. I stopped by the Bell Farm outside of Athens, Illinois last week and spoke with Coady Bell, who along with his brother and mom farm about 1600 acres. He told me how precision planting helps at harvest, and how gathering data on application and yield carry over from one year to the next. Interview with Coady Bell
Fall is in the air and it’s harvest time for Washington apple growers. With another bumper crop expected this season many Washington tree fruit growers dream of a day when automated technology helps bring in the harvest. Manoj Karkee, assistant professor with the Center for Precision and Automated Agricultural Systems at WSU, believes that day will soon be upon us.
Karkee and his team of WSU scientists recently won a $548,000 USDA grant to develop tree fruit harvesting technology where robot and human work side by side. “Due to the complexity of fruit identification in an orchard environment, collaboration between human and machine is very important. This is what’s unique,” Karkee said. “When the robot can’t deliver, humans will step in and vice versa.”
When apples are in clusters or obscured by leaves and branches, a robot requires complex algorithms and long computational time to identify them. Humans, on the other hand, can very quickly identify fruits in these situations. Working together in a mobile system in the field, the fruit is identified in real time faster than by human or machine alone.
Karkee will develop specialized robotic methods to harvest fruit with consideration for things like the delicacy of the fruit and the dynamics of picking fruit by hand.
Raven Industries, Inc. and Unverferth Manufacturing Co., Inc. are excited to introduce UHarvest: a first-of-its-kind grain cart system that provides more accurate yield data and streamlines how data is shared between machines in the field. UHarvest is the first grain cart system to integrate a moisture sensor on the cart itself, which will provide operators with more accurate yield data as it is loaded from the combine.
• ISObus compatible. UHarvest works with existing virtual terminals already in the cab, reducing cab clutter and eliminating the need for a stand-alone monitor.
• Tablet interface. Output from multiple grain carts in the field will now sync together, providing instant and accurate data for field records and accounting to interface on Windows, Android or Apple tablet devices.
• Streamlined data management. Manage data from a single grower or the whole farm with field data structure and the ability to track operators and individual grain cart data along with other equipment and the data collected by them.
• Powered by Slingshot. Connectivity in the field with Slingshot allows data to flow wirelessly, removing the need to transfer via USB devices, and provides important yield data even faster and more efficiently. Slingshot allows access to this data through a secured, online account that owners and managers can access wherever they have an internet connection.
UHarvest will be available in 2014. Visit Unverferth at tradeshows this summer to see it in action, or visit an Unverferth dealer for more information about ordering your system.
Corn planting was delayed until early to mid-June in areas across the Corn Belt. As a result, corn pollination occurred two to three weeks later than normal, and crop maturity is lagging by a similar time span. This presents the question as to whether freezing temperatures could occur before crop maturity.
Although detrimental, the first freeze may have limited yield and grain quality consequences in most cases according to DuPont Pioneer agronomists. Often a first frost will be light enough to affect only corn leaves, allowing the plant to continue to fill grain from stalk carbohydrate reserves. A worst-case scenario would be a hard freeze of 32 degrees or lower for several hours. If this occurs prior to crop maturity, it could bring a more abrupt end to corn development and, consequently, result in possible yield and test weight reductions and slower grain drydown. To estimate percent yield loss, you will need to determine the ear development stage at the time of freeze.
Rather than looking at GDUs now, breaking a few ears and looking for the location of the milk line once it begins to progress downward will give you a good determination of maturity. The milk line is the line separating the starchy area from the milky endosperm. It moves down from the crown of the kernel, at about 1/4 of the length of the kernel per week, to where it attaches to the cob. An ear with most kernels at half milk line will be about two weeks from black layer.
You may find that you will have wet or immature corn in October, making your decision on when to start combining difficult. Experience gained during several years of late harvest suggests that excessive delay may not be a good idea for the following reasons:
- A delayed start means a delayed finish, resulting in less time available for harvest as well as fertilization and tillage.
- Limited fall tillage and fertilization may reduce options for crop rotation next spring.
- Drying corn with ambient temperatures in the 20’s requires more energy than drying corn with ambient temperatures in the 40’s.
- Heightened safety concerns and potential for increased damage to machinery when working with frozen soils and snow or ice-covered roads.
AgGateway’s Precision Ag Council is building on its successful work to date on the Standardized Precision Ag Data Exchange (SPADE) Project by launching SPADE2. While the first phase focused on seeding, the second phase will cover crop protection and harvest operations. SPADE2 will also build infrastructure to source the machine and product reference data needed to share crop plans, recommendations, work orders and work records across the industry. These advances will help drive the use of precision ag equipment for a number of basic field operations, enabling growers and agri-businesses to achieve tremendous technological advances, enhanced yield and improved net revenue performance.
The SPADE project will have global impact. The project’s proposed extensions will modify the ISO11783 standards used in agricultural machinery. SPADE is working to allow seamless interoperability and data exchange between hardware systems and software applications that collect field data across farming operations. This ability to share data will simplify mixed-fleet field operations, regulatory compliance, crop insurance reporting, traceability, sustainability assessment and field or crop-scale revenue management. It will also make it easier for growers to share data with their trusted advisors, suppliers and other value partners, and will lower the cost of entry for growers and ag retailers who want to use precision ag technology.
The 2013 Summer Corn Conference will feature full-day sessions at which high-yield growers and agronomists can learn about the latest developments and technologies that lead to the best possible yields. Each day will consist of sessions that focus on field scouting, row cleaners and closing systems, down force and population management, and in-cab technologies.
Dates for the conference – held at the Precision Planting operation in Tremont, Illinois – are August 6-9, 2013. Admission is free but spaces are limited and advance registration is required. Those interested may learn more and register for a specific date at www.precisionplanting.com/conference or by calling 800-660-9573.
As in previous summer conferences, attendees will get hands-on field explanations of planting errors and their impact, see planters in action, and watch demonstrations of cutting-edge planting and monitoring technologies. There will be a special presentation of the improved accuracy of the new YieldSense harvest monitor. All sessions are geared toward giving growers information they can use in their own operations to improve decision-making and boost yields.
Custom harvesters are big users of precision technologies. An upcoming documentary is now in production that will follow custom harvesters and show how wheat goes from the field to the bread on your dinner table.
In this Precision Pays Podcast, sponsored by Ag Leader Technology, we’ll take a closer look at the new documentary by Conrad Weaver, The Great American Wheat Harvest.
Precision Pays Podcast
Our sister website, AgWired.com, has come on board as a Silver Sponsor of this great project.
You can subscribe to the Precision Pays Podcast here.
The Precision Pays Podcast is sponsored by Ag Leader Technology.
AgWired announced this month that they have come on board as a Silver Sponsor.
We told you about John Deere’s Harvest Identification, Cotton when it was first introduced last year at Beltwide Cotton Conferences.
This year we got an update from Janae (formally Althouse) Tapper on this precision harvest technology and grower adoption of it.
“John Deere harvest identification is really important to the cotton growers so they can understand how many modules are being built with in a field. We are really looking at continuing to reduce labor requirements that are needed in cotton production especially around 7760. We understand that with the introduction of that machine we are building four modules for every one traditional module. So, it increases labor to go out and tag each of those individual modules.”
“In our technology division we saw a use to utilize the RF ID reading technology that we have in the round module wrap to enable them to reduce that manuel labor going out and tagging the modules. We are automatically reading those RF ID tags in the modules and sending that information to the display in the cab of the machine.”
Janae shared that cotton producers are continuing to be on board with the adoption of precision agriculture. And since the launch of time & money saving technology, John Deere’s growers are sending in very positive feedback.
Listen to an interview with Janae here: Janae Tapper interview
2013 Beltwide Cotton photo album
Just last month at the ASTA Seed Expo in Chicago, Harvest Masters by Juniper Systems, announced the release of their new harvest data collection software system they call Mirus.
Cindy spoke with Allen Wilson, Ag Marketing Manager for Harvest Masters, during the event. Allen shared how the two year long process to develop this software resulted in a brand new generation. Not simply a new addition to the previous version.
“The Mirus software that we just released works with our harvest data collection for research combines. It’s a Windows based platform. We have been using Windows mobile, but this is a Windows so it will be running on tablets, Windows XP and Windows 7 & 8. We are in that Windows environment. It is a next generation software to work with our hardware that we previously put out. This is a lot more flexible and easy to use. The operators are now able to see four different screens at one time about their system statues and yield levels. A lot more information available for the operators.”
“The feedback we got back from our beta testers, which were about 20 people that have run our previous software, all said it’s intuitive, it’s easy to use and they don’t have to go struggling through a bunch of different screen to find the information they need or settings to change. It’s a precision piece of equipment so they have to be monitoring it and watching to see if there are changes occurring. It was really over-whelming to hear these people that have used our software say we have made a step forward.”
You can find more information about the release of this new software on a previous post New Mirus Harvest Data Collection Software.
Listen to Cindy’s complete interview with Allen here: Interview with Allen Wilson
Check out photos from ASTA here:
ASTA-CSS Photo Album
Corn residue increases proportionally with corn yields, creating management challenges for growers. To help address those, agronomists and scientists from DuPont Pioneer and DuPont Industrial Biosciences teamed up to conduct research on the impact of residue removal on the long-term agronomic and environmental integrity of fields. Stover is also evaluated for cellulosic ethanol production, which has benefits for both farmers and biofuel producers.
In fields where partial stover removal is an option, a sustainable stover harvest program provides value to the grower without negatively impacting the health and productivity of the soil.
Individual field evaluation is necessary as stover removal is not an option for every field. In some highly productive systems, residue may even be excessive as a result of increased yields, improved stalk quality and reduced tillage practices. Highly productive, relatively flat, continuous corn fields are best suited for stover removal and tend to see the greatest agronomic benefits. In these fields, corn stover production generally exceeds the minimum amount needed to maintain soil health and productivity, making sustainable stover harvest a viable option.
In high yielding areas of the Corn Belt, many growers are chopping stalks, increasing tillage or using a combination of these two methods to further stalk decomposition. In areas where residue management is a critical factor in production decisions, partial stover harvest could expand rotation and farming options. For example, reducing excess residue could allow increased flexibility in managing corn following corn, particularly in the northern Corn Belt where residue decomposition tends to be slower. Stover removal also may eliminate tillage operations and other practices used primarily for residue management, resulting in substantial production cost savings.
FMC Corporation shared new product lines during the recent National Association of Farm Broadcasting’s Trade Talks. Chuck talked with Bentley Curry, FMC Representative, about herbicides and harvest aids farmers can take advantage of in the fields.
“This year we had the Authority line of products in combination with Authority XL, Authority MTZ. Probably the product that was best fitted for the Mid South was Authority MTZ. It has a great point when you get resistant management where we got pigweed, water hemp and lambs quarter that has become glyphosate resistant. It is a super fit for that because it gives residual that you can go down at pre planting and at planting with the product and take care of those small seeded resistant type weeds.”
“On the cotton side we are really excited about a new product for the defoliation department called Display. I had the opportunity to look at sizable acreage of it this year. It had just received its label for 2012. We had the opportunity to see it after some rain events had come in. The cotton was getting pretty close to harvest and the cotton had greened back up, had all this second growth and typically that stuff is really hard to get off the cotton plant. But Display is a new PPO type compound that disrupts the cellular action in the leaf and gives you really fast dry down of that juvenal growth. It take that stuff off the plant, shuts the plant down from growing and gets it ready for harvest.”
Listen to my complete interview with Bentley here: Bentley Curry - FMC Corporation
2012 NAFB Convention Photo Album